Take a look at the map, where you can find all the hiking trails in the Tatras. Choosing the mountains may come in handy the following information:

 

 

 

mountain trails zakopane

 

 

Tatra Mountains

Tatras are the youngest and the highest mountains in Poland, they are the part of a massive “Centralne Karpaty Zachodnie” (Inner Western Carpathians). Tatras occupy an area of 785 km² of which 175 km² (about 25%) lies in Poland, which is nearly 0,056% of the country area. We will try to introduce You some of the hiking trails in the Tatras

Overview:
Tatras consist of:
– Belianske Tatras (Tatry Bielskie), with a Havran being it’s highest point (2152m). This part of the mountain range lies entirely in Slovakia and reaches “Przełęcz pod Kopą” (1750m)
– High Tatras (Tatry Wysokie) with the highest peaks of the whole Tatras situated in Slovakia: Gerlach (2654m), Łomnica (2634m), Lodowy (2627m), Rysy (2503m in Slovakia and extends from the Przełęcz pod Kopą to the Przełęcz Liliowe (1952m)
– Western Tatras (Tatry Zachodnie) with it’s highest peak Bystra (2248m) situated in Slovakia. The highest peak of this part of the mountain range in Poland is Starorobociański Wierch (2176 m). This part of the mountain range extends from Przełęcz Liliowe to the last peak on West – Siwy Wierch (1806m).
Mountain peaks, valleys, rivers and lakes
Sixty of the Tatras’ mountain peaks reaches at least 2400m height. The most important but not necessarily the highest are:
– Giewont (1894m) in Western Tatras which is called “sleeping knight” whose figure with a cross on it can be seen above the Zakopane.
– Kasprowy Wierch (1987m) is situated in Western Tatras as well and it’s one of the most important ski stations of Zakopane. It has been able to get to the top of Kasprowy Wierch by a cable railway since 1935. The meteorological observatory situated below the peak was build in 1938 and it’s certain that there’s no building in whole Poland, located higher than this one.
– Rysy (2503m) – a part of the High Tatras, lying on the border between Poland and Slovakia. Its north-western peak is the highest point of Poland (2499m)
– Świnica (2301m) – a mountain peak in the main crest of the High Tatras
– Mięguszowieckie Szczyty – three mountain peaks in the main crest of the Tatras: Wielki (2438m) ,Czarny (2410 m) and Pośredni (2393 m)
– Kozi Wierch (2291m) a mountain peak in the part of the High Tatras
The most beautiful trails lead through Tatras’ valleys. The best known are: : Dolina Suchej Wody, Dolina Białki, Dolina Rybiego Potoku, Dolina Roztoki, Dolina Pięciu Stawów Polskich in the High Tatras and Dolina Białego, Dolina Bystrej, Dolina Chochołowska, Dolina Kościeliska, Dolina Małej Łąki in Western Tatras. The main river of polish Tatras is Białka. It flows out from Zielony Staw in Dolina Kacza in Slovakia and is 41 km long. The biggest waterfall is Siklawa (about 40m high) on the stream Roztoka very close to the Dolina Pięciu Stawów.Waterfall called Wodogrzmoty Mickiewicza ( three waterfalls on the Potok Roztoka, all of them about 10m high) is smaller but very famous as well. Lakes in the Tatras were created by a glacier. The biggest one of them is Morskie Oko (literalny „Marine Eye”) – its surface area is 34,9ha and its maximum depth is 50,8m. Other lakes are: Czarny Staw Gąsienicowy (17,94 ha and 50m deep), Czarny Staw pod Rysami (20,6ha and 76,4m deep) and many more.

Geology and topography:

Tatras is a relatively young mountain range originating from the Alpine orogeny. It consists of granite, metamorphic rocks, gneiss and crystalline schists. This hard rocks are resistant to airing and erosion and they create a mountain range which forms the south and the middle parts of Tatra Mountains, so it includes all of the highest peaks with characteristic crags and ridges. The northern range of Tatras consists of younger stratified rocks originating from the Mesozoic Era. These rocks were formed at the bottom of the sea and uplifted as a result of tectonic movements about 100-65 milion years ago. The other milder forms like limostones, dolomites and sandstones are less resistant to airing , much lower and often create imaginative formations and karst forms like caves. Glaciations also had a huge influence on the current Tatras topoghraphy and created following forms: u-shaped valleys, glacial lakes or the “hanging valleys” (Buczynowa Dolinka as an example). Glaciers carried out enormous amounts of rock material from the heart of the mountains. The mountain hut by Morskie Oko was built on a moraine and Zakopane was created on one of the cones formed by glacier tongues. Glaciers retreated from Tatras about 10 000 years ago. Nowadays, Tatras shape is formed by rainfalls, wind, flowing water, temperature, flora and human activity of course.
Climate:
Weather in Tatra Mountains changes a lot, usually in an unexpected and sudden way. Climate is pretty rough with a lot of rain and a large temperature range during the year. The warmest month is July and the coldest one is February.
The temperature falls down as the height rises (theoretically 0,5 celcius degrees less for each 100meters of height) and there’s also a large amount of snow and rainfall (snow lies in the high parts of the Tatras even as long as 8 months during the year). You can also observe climat phenomenums, characteristic for differnt heights like: temperature inversion, different weather in the valleys and in the higher parts at the same time, couple of weeks of cloudless sky or a multi-day rainfall. The most famous one of these phenomenums is Halny – a foehn wind that can blow for many hours or even days. It brings a big amount of clouds above the Tatras ridge and is a sign of an end of a nice weather, a pressure decrease, rain or snowfalls and at the end a nice weather again.

 

Mountain huts in polish part of the Tatras on hiking trails in the Tatras

 

Schronisko PTTK im. Jana Pawła II na Polanie Chochołowskiej
You can find information about prices and booking on their official website:
www.chocholowska.zakopane.pl

  • located at a height of 1148meters above sea level
  • built in 1953
  • 133 sleeping places
  • it takes 2,05 hour to get here from Siwa Polana
  • you can get here by bike or by horse
  • there’s a ski lift
  • mobile phone signal is unavailable

Schronisko PTTK im. W.Pola na Polanie Roztoka

  • located at a height of 1031 meters above sea level
  • built in 1913
  • 70 sleeping places
  • mobile phone signal is available

Schronisko PTTK w Dolinie Pięciu Stawów Polskich
You can find information about prices and booking on their official website:
www.piecstawow.pl

  • located at a height of 1670 meters above sea level ( it’s a hut with the highest location in the polish part of the Tatras and polish part of the Carpathians.
  • Built in 1953
  • 77 sleeping places
  • trails lead out of the hut to: a hut in Roztoka, the Morskie Oko, the Hala Gąsienicowa through Zawrat or through the Kozia Przełęcz
  • mobile phone signal is available

Schronisko PTTK im.St.Staszica nad Morskim Okiem
You can find two mountain huts by the Morskie Oko – the old one and the new one. You can find information about prices and booking on their official website: www.schroniskomorskieoko.pl

  • located at a height of 1410 meters above sea level
  • built in 1908
  • 35 sleeping places in the new hut and 43 in the old one.
  • trails lead out of the hut to: a hut in Roztoka, the Morskie Oko, the Hala Gąsienicowa through Zawrat or through the Kozia Przełęcz
  • mobile phone signal is available

Schronisko PTTK na Kondratowej Hali
Official website: www.kondratowa.com

  • located at a height of 1333 meters above sea level
  • built in 1948
  • 20 sleepin places
  • mobile phone signal is available

Schronisko PTTK im. W.Goetla na Hali Ornak
Official website: www.ornak.tatrynet.pl

  • located at a height of 1108 meters above sea level
  • built in 1949
  • 80 sleeping places
  • signal for mobile devices is available

Hotel na Polanie Kalatówki
Official website: www.kalatowki.com.pl

  • located at a height of 1198 meteres above sea level
  • built in 1938
  • 94 sleeping places
  • mobile phone signal is available

Schronisko PTTK Murowaniec Hali Gąsienicowej
Official website: www.murowaniec.interkom.pl

  • located at a height of 1198 meters above sea level
  • built in 1938
  • 94 sleeping places
  • mobile phone signal is available